The statue of liberty is a colossal neoclassical sculpture on Liberty Island in New York harbor, United States.  It is officially called liberty enlightening the world. This copper statue was a gift from the people of France in 1886. 

It was designed by French sculptor Friedrich Auguste Bartholdi. The metal framework was built by Gustave Eiffel.

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The idea of a monument gift from the French people to the people of the United States was proposed by Edouard René de Laboulaye, a French politician and president of the French anti-slavery society in 1865. A French sculptor Frederic Auguste Bartholdi designed this amazing statue.  The metallic framework of the statue was built by Gustave Eiffel. 

In 1871, Bartholdi visited the United States to look for a perfect site for the statue and discuss the idea with influential Americans. Arriving at New York harbor, Bartholdi focused on Bedlo’s island which now named Liberty Island. Bartholdi crossed the United States twice by rail, met many sensitive Americans but it was not easy as he assumed. Bartholdi made his first model of statue in 1870. 

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The statue is a figure of Libertas, a robed Roman liberty goddess who was widely worshipped in ancient Rome, especially among emancipated slaves. She was wearing a stola and Pella ( gown and a cloak). She holds a torch aloft by her right hand. The face was molded as Bartholdi’s mother. She holds a tabula ansata to evoke the concept of law. He inscribed JULY IV 1776 in Roman numerals as the date of American’s declaration of independence to evoke the concept of liberty.

The statue stride over a broken chain, half-hidden by her robes which is difficult to see from the ground. It symbolized the recent national abolition of slavery. She has a crown on her head which has 7 points. It represents seven seas and continents of the earth. It symbolizes the world’s liberty. Below these points, there are 25 Windows.

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In September 1875, Bartholdi announced the project and the formation of Franco American Union for fundraising the project. After the announcement, the statue was named as liberty enlightening the world. The French would finance the statue and Americans would pay for the pedestal. By the end of 1879, about 250,000 Francs had been raised. However, due to the panic of 1873, economic depression, fundraising for the liberty statue was difficult. On August 11 1885 the fundraising was $102,000 from 120000 donors. 

The statue’s foundation and pedestal aligned to face southeast as greeting the ships entering the New York harbor from the Atlantic Ocean. The foundation was in the shape of an11 point star. 

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Construction of the foundation began in 1883. The pedestal’s cornerstone was laid in 1884. The pedestal was completed in 1886. It took 4 months to assemble the statue over the pedestal.

On October 28, 1886, the statue of liberty was dedicated by President Grover Cleveland. There was a huge celebration on that day with bands, parades, speeches, and fireworks. 

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The physical characteristics of the Statue of Liberty

  • Height of copper statue: 151 feets
  • Height from the foundation of the pedestal to the tip of the torch: 305 feets
  • Height from heel to top of head: 111 feets
  • Height of hand: 16 feets
  • Height of index finger: 8 feets
  • The distance across the eyes: 2 ½ feets
  • Length of the nose: 4 ½ feets
  • Right arm length: 42 feets
  • Width of mouth: 3 feets
  • Tablet: 23 1/2 feet length, 13 ½ feet width
  • Height of pedestal: 89 feets
  • Height of foundation: 65 feets
  • Weight of copper used in the statue: 60000 pounds
  • Weight of steel used in the statue: 250000 pounds
  • Total weight of statue: 450000 pounds
  • The thickness of copper sheeting: 2.4mm
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The Statue of Liberty is governed by the United States national park service.

  • It was named a UNESCO world heritage site in 1984.
  • It was named as the United States national momentum on October 15, 1920.
  • It was included in the United States national register of historic places on September 14, 2017.
  • It is a world-leading tourism destination with 4 million visitors per year.

Finally, the Statue of Liberty became world-famous. She is a symbol of the world’s freedom and liberty. She is a symbol of the United States. She is a history of mankind.

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